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Thursday, 21 May 2020

Greeting After A Meal : Celebrating Edo Culture And Tradition


"Edo" is the name that the people of the Benin Kingdom give to themselves, their language, and their capital city and kingdom. Renowned for their art of brass and ivory and for their complex political organization, the Edo Kingdom of Benin is one of the best known of the precolonial kingdoms on the Guinea Coast of West Africa. From at least the fifteenth century, the Benin Empire held varying degrees of authority over neighboring peoples, including the western Igbo, northeastern Yoruba, and various related Edo-speaking groups. In 1897 British-colonial forces conquered the kingdom and made it part of the Niger Protectorate. Today it is incorporated into the modern state of Nigeria.
The Edo People or better Known in history books as Great Benin have special ways they greet After a meal.


(1) Kada:

This greeting is expecially directed to the Head of the home.But any other person,male or female is entitled to the greeting as long as they are older than the person offering the greeting and present it at the end of the meal.

Kada

is a prayer and an abrreviation of the phrase "KO DIARE",which is an abbreviation of the sentence "U KOO UWA,U GHI DIA RRIOEE.Which Translates to "You have created prosperity,may you live long to enjoy it.
The man as the head of a househole provides food,shelter,security, among others,to other members of the home.This prayer is given by the male children of the household,that he may live long to enjoy the fruits of his labors.


(2) BUKPE:

This is a prayer by the daugthers of the household after meal,Like Kada.The full sentence and meaning of "BUKPE" is "U BOO UWA NE,U GHI KPE VBO."This is "You have created prosperity,may you live long to enjoy it."while male children greet "KADA".Female greet "BUKPE".


(3) ERHE GHI GBUE

This is a greeting of the wives of the household after meal.After a meal,the wives will have to pray to their husbands and for every other member of the house-hold who is older than they are.The full sentence and meaning is "ERHE GHI GBUE EMWIN NE U YA OBO RUE RU"This means "May you not fall victim to the plans of ill wishers who would not want you to enjoy the fruits of your labors".

These Three greetings have the smae undertone,but are expressed differently.The one the comes out from the lips of the woman makes one to know immediately if she was a wife or a daughter of he house,no matter the age.


Response to the greetings


"Aremiegbe"

---- May you be nourished by what you have eaten.
I hoen koyo Urhuese----heard you,(Hello),thank you.
I hoen Ovbimwen Akponmwen Osa ---I heard my child, To god be the Glory.
I hoen otenmwen,Osa rhuese ra Akponmwen Oghodua--------I heard you brother/sister,we thank God.
NOTE:

"Erhe gi gbue"

is more populare amongst the female folks in the modern times because the daughters of a household copy their mothers in this particular greeting.It is high time we effect and know the difference to separate the wives from the daughters.


After Meal Greeings in Edo Language - How Prayerful

How richly prayerful the Edo after-meal greetings are. These greetings as far as my limited Edo vocabulary goes only extended to just 3 which are:


Kada, Eregbue and Obupke.

Kada is predominantly a male greeting whilst Eregbue and Obukpe I believe are female greetings.

"Usormoisue"

is also use in some families in Edo


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Greeting After A Meal : Celebrating Edo Culture And Tradition

"Edo" is the name that the people of the Benin Kingdom give to themselves, their language, and their capital city and kingdom....